“They come with their pens, but they don’t bring us water”
“Wazungu wote wanakuja na kalamu zao, lakini hawana kutuletea maji.”
Nearly a decade ago I was walking out of an informal settlement in Dar es Salaam, Tanzania with a research assistant and overheard someone behind us say this.
Everyone is still trying to figure out water, sanitation, and hygiene (WASH) project sustainability
Since then, I’ve spent a lot of time thinking about aid effectiveness in the water sector. Failure rates are often quite high, and, although the numbers are wide-ranging, the statistics are shocking. For example, RWSN data shows handpump failure at 10-67%. Improve International has even more depressing statistics.
When I try to wrap my head around a problem, I try to conceptualize what the factors are. Surely, one has to consider ecology, hydrology, engineering, economics, institutions, etc. As a lowly WASH consultant, I’m well-aware that I am certainly not the only one trying to think about this. Water First.org and Improve International have developed a really useful set of criteria for project sustainability. USAID and Rotary International have their own sustainability assessment tool as well. Also, IRC is constantly featuring these concerns in its WASH blogs. I’m particularly fond of the Water Services That Last blog.
On top of this, every year, for example, the World Bank pulls in experts from all over the world for conferences in WASH Sustainability for the purpose of sharing and advancing best practices.
We’re constantly going back to the drawing board.
Trends, frameworks, and themes in international development change more often than fashion and hemlines.Development professionals much, much more established than I have been struggling with this for decades. More importantly, those who live this reality day in/day out truly struggle with this.
There’s an urgency to get this right. It’s in this spirit that I hope to bring a more effective pen to this issue.